|Tuesday, 13 February 2007|
| This story was published at Truthout.org.|
Ulster on the Euphrates:
The Anglo-American Dirty War in Iraq
I. Paint it Black
Imagine a city torn by sectarian strife. Competing death squads roam the streets; terrorists stage horrific attacks. Local authority is distrusted and weak; local populations protect the extremists in their midst, out of loyalty or fear. A bristling military occupation exacerbates tensions at every turn, while offering prime targets for bombs and snipers. And behind the scenes, in a shadow world of double-cross and double-bluff, covert units of the occupying power run agents on both sides of the civil war, countenancing -- and sometimes directing -- assassinations, terrorist strikes, torture sessions, and ethnic cleansing.
Is this a portrait of Belfast during "The Troubles" in Northern Ireland? Or a picture of Baghdad today? It is both; and in both cases, one of Britain's most secret – and most criminally compromised – military units has plied its trade in the darkness, "turning" and controlling terrorist killers in a dangerous bid to wring actionable intelligence from blood and betrayal. And America's covert soldiers are right there with them, working side-by-side with their British comrades in the aptly named "Task Force Black," the UK's Sunday Telegraph reports.
Last week, the right-wing, pro-war paper published an early valentine to the "Joint Support Group," the covert unit whose bland name belies its dramatic role at the center of the Anglo-American "dirty war" in Iraq. In gushing, lavish, uncritical prose that could have been (and perhaps was) scripted by the unit itself, the Telegraph lauded the team of secret warriors as "one of the Coalition's most effective and deadly weapons in the fight against terror," running "dozens of Iraqi double-agents," including "members of terrorist groups."
What the story fails to mention is the fact that in its Ulster incarnation, the JSG – then known as the Force Research Unit (FRU) – actively colluded in the murder of at least 15 civilians by Loyalist deaths squads, and an untold number of victims killed, maimed and tortured by the many Irish Republican Army double-agents controlled by the unit. What's more, the man who commanded the FRU during the height of its depredations – Lt. Col. Gordon Kerr – is in Baghdad now, heading the hugger-mugger Special Reconnaissance Regiment (SRR), a large counter-terrorism force made up of unnamed "existing assets" from the glory days in Northern Ireland and elsewhere.
This despite the fact that a 10-year, $100 million investigation by Britain's top police officer, Lord Stevens, confirmed in 2003 that the Kerr-led FRU "sanctioned killings" through "institutionalized collusion" with both Protestant and Catholic militias during the 1980s and 1990s. Stevens sent dossiers of evidence against Kerr and 20 other security apparatchiks to the Blair government's Director of Public Prosecutions, in the expectation that the fiery Scotsman and the others would be put on trial.
But instead prosecuting Kerr, Blair promoted him: first to a plum assignment as British military attaché in Beijing – effectively the number two man in all of UK military intelligence, as Scotland's Sunday Herald notes – then with the SRR posting to Baghdad, where Kerr and his former FRU mates now apply the "methods developed on the mean streets of Ulster during the Troubles," as the Telegraph breathlessly relates.
The Telegraph puff piece is naturally coy about revealing these methods, beyond the fact that, as in Ireland, the JSG uses "a variety of inducements ranging from blackmail to bribes" to turn Iraqi terrorists into Coalition agents. So to get a better idea of the techniques employed by the group in Baghdad, we must return to those "mean streets of Ulster" and the unit's reign of terror and collusion there, which has been thoroughly documented not only by the exhaustive Stevens inquiries, but also in a remarkable series of investigative reports by the Sunday Herald's Neil Mackay, and in extensive stories by the BBC, the Guardian, the Independent, the Times and others.
We will also see how the operations of the JSG and "Task Force Black" dovetail with U.S. efforts to apply the lessons of its own dirty wars – such as the "Salvador Option" – to Iraq, as well as long-running Bush Administration initiatives to arm and fund "friendly" militias while infiltrating terrorist groups in order to "provoke them into action." It is indeed a picture painted in black, a glimpse at the dark muck that lies beneath the high-flown rhetoric about freedom and civilization forever issuing from the lips of the war leaders.
II. Whacking for the Peelers
Gregory Burns had a problem. He was one of Gordon Kerr's FRU informers planted deep inside the IRA, along with two of his friends, Johnny Dignam and Aidan Starrs. But as Mackay noted in a February 2003 story, the already-partnered Burns had acquired a girlfriend on the side, Margaret Perry, 26, a "civilian" Catholic with no paramilitary ties. Forbidden fruit is sweet, of course – but pillow talk is dangerous for an inside man. "Burns didn't keep his mouth shut and [Perry] found out he was working for British intelligence," an FRU officer told Mackay. "He tried to convince her he was a double-agent the IRA had planted in the [British] army – but she didn't buy it."
Burns called his FRU handlers and asked to come in from the cold. He'd been compromised, he said, and now he and his friends needed to get out, with new identities, relocation, good jobs – the usual payoff for trusted agents when the jig was up. But Kerr refused: "He said [Burns] should silence Perry," the FRU man told Mackay. Burns, panicking at thought of the IRA's horrific retributions against informers, insisted: he would have to kill the woman if they didn't bring him in, he told Kerr. Again Kerr refused.
And so Burns arranged a meeting with his lover, to "talk over" the situation. His friends, Aidan and Johnny, volunteered to drive her there: "On the way, they pulled into a forest, beat her to death and buried her in a shallow grave," Mackay notes. Two years later, when her body was found, the IRA put two and two together – and slowly tortured Burns and his two friends to death, after first extracting copious amounts of information about British intelligence operations in Ireland.
'In Kerr's eyes, Burns just wasn't important enough to resettle," the FRU source told the Sunday Herald. "So we ended up with four unnecessary deaths and the compromising of British army intelligence officers, which ultimately put soldiers' lives at risk. To Kerr, it was always a matter of the ends justifying the means."
Then again, Kerr could well afford to sacrifice a few informers here and there to the wrath of the IRA's dreaded "security unit" – because his own prize double agent was the head of that security unit. Codenamed "Stakeknife," Kerr's man presided over, and sometimes administered, the grisly torture-murders of up to 50 men during his tenure in the IRA's upper ranks. The victims included other British double agents who were sacrificed in order to protect Stakeknife's cover, as the Guardian and many other UK papers reported when the agent's work was revealed in 2003. ("Stakeknife" was later identified in the press as Alfredo Scappaticci – an Irishman despite the Italian name, although he continues to deny the charge.)
The FRU also "knowingly allowed soldiers, [police] officers and civilians to die at the hands of IRA bombers in order to protect republican double agents," the Sunday Herald's investigations found. As Mackay reports: "FRU sources said around seven police and army personnel died as a result of military intelligence allowing IRA bombs to be placed during Kerr's time in command of the FRU. They estimate that three civilians also died this way, with casualties in the hundreds."
But some of the worst excesses came from the FRU's handling of operatives on the other side, in the fiercely pro-British Protestant militia the Ulster Defense Association (UDA). Here, among the Loyalists, Kerr's top double agent was Brian Nelson, who became head of intelligence for the UDA. As John Ware put it in the Guardian: "Kerr regarded Nelson as his jewel in the crown… For the next three years [from 1987], Nelson colluded with murder gangs to shoot IRA suspects. Month after month, armed and masked men crashed into homes. Sometimes they got the wrong address or shot the wrong person."
Such as Gerald Slane, a 27-year-old Belfast man shot down in front of his three children. A gun had been found dumped on his property; this, and his Catholicism, was enough to get him assassinated at the order of Kerr's man Nelson. Afterwards, it was found that Slane had no IRA connections.
Another "wrong person" killed by the FRU's agents was the Belfast attorney Pat Finucane, who was shot 14 times in front of his wife and children. Finucane was a civil rights activist who had defended both Catholics and Protestants, but was considered an IRA sympathizer by Loyalists – and a thorn in the side by British authorities. He was killed at Nelson's order by a fellow FRU informer in the UDA, Ken Barrett, who was convicted of the murder but freed last year after as part of an amnesty program in the Northern Ireland peace process. Barrett was unapologetic about his FRU "wetwork" on Finucane. "The peelers [authorities] wanted him whacked," he told a BBC documentary team after his release. "We whacked him and that is the end of the story."
Kerr gave Nelson packages of intelligence files to help facilitate the assassination of UDA targets, including at least four "civilians" with no IRA ties, the Stevens inquiry found. The FRU also obtained "restriction orders" from other British security and military units in Northern Ireland, whereby they would pull their forces from an area when Kerr's UDA agents were going to make a hit there, allowing the killers to get in and get out without hindrance, investigator Nick Davies reports.
Yet the FRU was wary of sharing its own intelligence with other security services – which was the ostensible reason for running the double-agents in the first place. Instead, Kerr engaged in fierce turf wars with other agencies, while "stovepiping" much of his intelligence to the top circles of the UK government, including the cabinet-level Intelligence Committee chaired by then-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Indeed, when Nelson was finally exposed and brought to trial on five counts of conspiracy to commit murder, Kerr testified in his behalf, noting for the court that Nelson's intelligence "product and his reporting was passed through the intelligence community and at a high level, and from that point of view he has to be considered a very important agent."
As one FRU man told Mackay: "Under Kerr's command…the mindset was one of 'the right people would be allowed to live and wrong people should die.'"
This is the "mindset" now operating in the heart of the Green Zone in Baghdad, where the JSG is carrying out – we are told in glowing terms – precisely the same mission it had in Ulster. a unit which has allowed its agents to torture, murder and commit acts of terrorism, including actions that killed local civilians and the soldiers and intelligence operatives of their own country.
III. The White House Green Light
Of course, Kerr and his Baghdad black-op crew are not alone in the double-dealing world of Iraqi counterinsurgency. The Pentagon's ever-expanding secret armies are deeply enmeshed in such efforts as well. As Sy Hersh has reported ("The Coming Wars," New Yorker, Jan. 24, 2005), after his re-election in 2004, George W. Bush signed a series of secret presidential directives that authorized the Pentagon to run virtually unrestricted covert operations, including a reprise of the American-backed, American-trained death squads employed by authoritarian regimes in Central and South America during the Reagan Administration, where so many of the Bush faction cut their teeth – and made their bones.
"Do you remember the right-wing execution squads in El Salvador?” a former high-level intelligence official said to Hersh. "We founded them and we financed them. The objective now is to recruit locals in any area we want. And we aren’t going to tell Congress about it." A Pentagon insider added: "We’re going to be riding with the bad boys." Another role model for the expanded dirty war cited by Pentagon sources, said Hersh, was Britain's brutal repression of the Mau Mau in Kenya during the 1950s, when British forces set up concentration camps, created their own terrorist groups to confuse and discredit the insurgency, and killed thousands of innocent civilians in quashing the uprising.
Bush's formal greenlighting of the death-squad option built upon an already securely-established base, part of a larger effort to turn the world into a "global free-fire zone" for covert operatives, as one top Pentagon official told Hersh. For example, in November 2002 a Pentagon plan to infiltrate terrorist groups and "stimulate" them into action was uncovered by William Arkin, then writing for the Los Angeles Times. The new unit, the "Proactive, Pre-emptive Operations Group," was described in the Pentagon documents as "a super-Intelligence Support Activity" that brings "together CIA and military covert action, information warfare, intelligence and cover and deception."
Later, in August 2004, then deputy Pentagon chief Paul Wolfowitz appeared before Congress to ask for $500 million to arm and train non-governmental "local militias" to serve as U.S. proxies for "counter-insurgency and "counterterrorist" operations in "ungoverned areas" and hot spots around the world, Agence France Presse (and virtually no one else) reported at the time. These hired paramilitaries were to be employed in what Wolfowitz called an "arc of crisis" that just happened to stretch across the oil-bearing lands and strategic pipeline routes of Central Asia, the Middle East, Africa and South America.
By then, the Bush Administration had already begun laying the groundwork for an expanded covert war in the hot spot of Iraq. In November 2003, it created a "commando squad" drawn from the sectarian militias of five major Iraqi factions, as the Washington Post reported that year. Armed, funded and trained by the American occupation forces, and supplied with a "state-of-the-art command, control and communications center" from the Pentagon, the new Iraqi commandos were loosed on the then-nascent Iraqi insurgency – despite the very prescient fears of some U.S. officials "that various Sunni or Shiite factions could eventually use the service to secretly undermine their political competitors," as the Post noted.
And indeed, in early 2005 – not long after Bush's directives loosed the "Salvador Option" on Iraq – the tide of death-squad activity began its long and bloody rise to the tsunami-like levels we see today. Ironically, the first big spike of mass torture-murders, chiefly in Sunni areas at the time, coincided with "Operation Lightning," a much ballyhooed effort by American and Iraqi forces to "secure" Baghdad. The operation featured a mass influx of extra troops into the capital; dividing the city into manageable sectors, then working through them one by one; imposing hundreds of checkpoints to lock down all insurgent movements; and establishing a 24-hour presence of security and military forces in troubled neighborhoods, the Associated Press reported in May 2005. In other words, it was almost exactly the same plan now being offered as Bush's "New Way Forward," the controversial "surge."
But the "Lightning" fizzled in a matter of weeks, and the death squads grew even bolder. Brazen daylight raids by "men dressed in uniforms" of Iraqi police or Iraqi commandos or other Iraqi security agencies swept up dozens of victims at a time. For months, U.S. "advisers" to Iraqi security agencies – including veterans of the original "Salvador Option" – insisted that these were Sunni insurgents in stolen threads, although many of the victims were Sunni civilians. Later, the line was changed: the chief culprits were now "rogue elements" of the various sectarian militias that had "infiltrated" Iraq's institutions.
But as investigative reporter Max Fuller has pointed out in his detailed examination of information buried in reams of mainstream news stories and public Pentagon documents, the vast majority of atrocities then attributed to "rogue" Shiite and Sunni militias were in fact the work of government-controlled commandos and "special forces," trained by Americans, "advised" by Americans and run largely by former CIA assets. As Fuller puts it: "If there are militias in the Ministry of Interior, you can be sure that they are militias that stand to attention whenever a U.S. colonel enters the room." And perhaps a British lieutenant colonel as well
With the Anglo-American coalition so deeply embedded in dirty war – infiltrating terrorist groups, "stimulating" them into action," protecting "crown jewel" double-agents no matter what the cost, "riding with the bad boys," greenlighting the "Salvador Option" – it is simply impossible to determine the genuine origin of almost any particular terrorist outrage or death squad atrocity in Iraq. All of these operations take place in the shadow world, where terrorists are sometimes government operatives and vice versa, and where security agencies and terrorist groups interpenetrate in murky thickets of collusion and duplicity. This moral chaos leaves "a kind of blot/To mark the full-fraught man and best indued/With some suspicion," as Shakespeare's Henry V says.
What's more, the "intelligence" churned out by this system is inevitably tainted by the self-interest, mixed motives, fear and criminality of those who provide it. The ineffectiveness of this approach can be seen in the ever-increasing, many-sided civil war that is tearing Iraq apart. If these covert operations really are intended to quell the violence, they clearly have had the opposite effect. If they have some other intention, the pious defenders of civilization – who approve these activities with promotions, green lights and unlimited budgets – aren't telling.
Decoding Media Lies About The Bomb
at UN Headquarters in Baghdad
Luckily for us, raw video footage always tells the truth!
The media would have us all believe the New York fairy tale that,
“a suicide bomber driving a large blue cement truck drove inside
the UN Building in Baghdad, came to an abrupt halt directly under
the office of Sergio de Mello, where he [the suicide bomber]
detonated the charge, killing 24 people”. Some media networks
misread their common script and said “yellow truck” instead of
“blue truck”, but hey, anyone can mistake one primary color for
another can’t they? Essentially though, this is the
politically-correct media garbage you are all supposed to swallow
about the massive bomb in Baghdad.
Unfortunately for the dream weavers in New York, there is enough raw
video around on this bombing to expose every one of the weavers as
obsequious disinformation whores, faithfully acting on the orders of
their various media proprietors, and completely ignoring the long
term impact this strike may have on ordinary folk like you. How can
we prove this? Let us start in the seconds preceding and immediately
following the blast, which were faithfully recorded on continuous
video at a press conference inside UN Headquarters.
As you can see on the video frame shown above left, a UN official
was addressing a packed media briefing not more than fifty feet away
from Sergio de Mello’s office. The windows of the briefing room
were partly open, because the air conditioning was not working
properly. One split second the official is speaking, them the video
film goes black for two frames, then there is an ear-splitting bang
which sends journalists and others reeling across the briefing room,
as shown in the center and right frames above. Obviously there is
something critical missing from this sequence, but what is it?
The sound of a large Kamaz “cement truck” is missing, that’s
what! Rather artfully invented by FBI Special Agent Thomas Fuentes,
the blue [or yellow] Kamaz truck lies at the very heart of this
outrageous media lie, so if we use hard science to remove the truck,
at the same time we comprehensively discredit Special Agent Fuentes,
the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and ninety-percent of the
Many years ago I actually drove one of these Eastern European Kamaz
monsters, and people could hear the gears crashing nearly a mile
away. Now imagine how much noise a Kamaz makes when it crashes
through the steel railings outside the UN Headquarters [formerly the
Canal Hotel], before attacking the glass, windows frames and double
brickwork below Sergio de Mello’s office. In reality the noise
would have been so loud it would have stopped the UN media briefer
dead in mid-sentence, but failed to do so.
There is not a trace of background sound on the tape in the seconds
leading up to the massive explosion, which in turn proves
conclusively that no giant [or even little] Kamaz truck charged the
UN Headquarters building like a crazed elephant in search of a mate.
Nor is there the slightest trace of camera shake or vibration, which
there certainly would have been if a Kamaz had just charged through
the ground floor below the briefing room.
If you don’t believe me, get hold of a copy of the video footage
that the obliging media has left lying around all over, probably
blissfully unaware that it completely destroys their
politically-correct myth. Either that, or the media simply don’t
care. It probably doesn’t matter too much if folk on the Internet
manage to make idiots out of them, just so long as 250-million Homer
Simpsons believe it all on television.
The next critical point, and I almost hate to do this after my Bali
and Jakarta investigations, is that surface weapons like an
invisible cement truck, cannot and do not make craters in the
ground. When a weapon detonates the shock wave takes the line of
least resistance direct to atmosphere, or the shortest least dense
route to atmosphere if it happens to be situated a few feet
Not only that. Blast expansion is always uniform unless
something gets in the way. If you take a look at the explosion shown
in the center photograph above, the shock wave is radiating outwards
in an arc, with the horizontal shock wave the same length as the
vertical. You will also notice that the shock wave is not
penetrating the earth at all, but taking the atmospheric line of
least resistance, as required by physics 101. Now take a very
careful look at the flanking photographs on the left and right.
Unlike the missing noise and vibration on the briefing room video,
this is more a case of something still being there, when it should
already have vanished.
Look carefully at the thick bushes covered with attractive green
leaves, which are situated only 50 feet away from the exact point at
which FBI Special Agent Thomas Fuentes said a “cement truck”
exploded. In fact Special Agent Fuentes claimed a great deal more
than that, but we don’t need to examine the ramblings of a
certifiable FBI cretin at this stage. The reality is that the
surface shock wave from a surface explosion at effective point-blank
range, would have stripped every leaf off every bush in the
We know, for example, that the massive blast lofted brick-size
chunks of building rubble 400 yards away from the UN building, and
managed to shatter a number of windows more than 1,000 yards away
from ground zero. Whatever it was, and no matter who planted it,
this explosive device was one hell of a weapon.
Because we know that surface weapons cannot make craters, we also
know that these two photos prove the weapon was detonated
underground, no doubt just a few seconds after someone had phoned
Sergio de Mello on his private office telephone line, to make sure
he was sitting comfortably in the right chair for his own execution.
A quick peek at the telephone logs would be most informative here,
but by now FBI Special Agent Thomas Fuentes has probably fed every
single telephone log book through a shredding machine.
Going back to the photos, these are two of only a few that show the
crater for what it really is, a truly huge hole in the ground.
Both photos were taken from ground level by the fence, and as you
can see quite clearly, both cameras are pointing downwards at about
30 degrees. Despite still being half-full of giant chunks of fallen
masonry, the sheer size and depth of this crater is obvious.
The depth of the crater is further highlighted in the photograph on
the right, where you can just see the top of a yellow backhoe down
near the lower edge. Remember that a backhoe arm is about ten or
twelve feet high, meaning that the crater is at least eight feet
deeper than you can see. Allowing for camera distortion, the likely
maximum depth of the crater is probably thirty to thirty-five feet,
or sub-basement level in the old Canal Hotel.
It is for this reason, and this reason alone, that I wrote the
report. Because there was no Kamaz truck, we know that the weapon
was not introduced into the UN compound in a vehicle driven by a
“terrorist” of any particular religion or creed. Because we know
how difficult it is for visitors to get beyond the front desk in UN
buildings, we also know that placing a large [or exotic] weapon in
the sub-basement of the old Canal Hotel was essentially an
The list of candidates capable of placing this weapon will be very
short, and the culprit could be caught with relative ease if the
political will to do so existed. Unfortunately it does not, because
every time something goes wrong, war criminals like Bush, Blair and
Howard call in a media “Mister Fixit” to obscure the trail and
try to put there own perverted "spin" on events. These men
are frightened cowards, but they do know very well that you the
public cannot possibly predict the future, if you do not accurately
know the past.
The bombing of the UN Headquarters in Baghdad is only one single
example of this inexcusable and criminal behavior, but it is a very
important example that has a direct bearing on what lies ahead in
Iraq. From the hard physical evidence we now know that Sergio de
Mello was deliberately targeted for assassination, an assassination
conducted by remote-detonated sub-surface weapon, in all probability
planted days in advance by the perpetrators. Whoever did this job
was thoroughly professional, and whoever did this job had easy
access to the United Nations building and sub-basement cellars. The
final question always comes down to “who benefits” in cases such
as these, and the Iraqis certainly do not benefit at all. The rest
of it you must work out for yourselves.