Another first-class article by Deniz Yeter! MUST READ!
Quiz question: What was the reason Saddam gave for attacking Iran?
Friday, February 16, 2007
Warn public that Bush is looking for a pretext to justify a broader, regional conflict
Deniz Yeter, Truthout.org
Saturday, February 17, 2007
Hillary Mann Leverett, the former National Security Council Director for Iranian and Persian Gulf Affairs under the Bush Administration from 2001 to 2004 until she left the Administration, has issued a sober warning to the public concerning Bush's intentions with Iran.
Five days ago in an interview on CNN(1) she accused the Bush Administration of "trying to push a provocative, accidental conflict" from Iran as a pretext to justify "limited strikes" against the country’s crucial nuclear and military infrastructures, as opposed to "an all-out invasion like what happened with Iraq."
Her warning comes a day after sources revealed to Newsweek(2) that "a second Navy carrier group is steaming toward the Persian Gulf" and "that a third carrier will likely follow" to replace one of the strike carriers already in the Gulf.
In retaliation, "Iran shot off a few missiles in those same tense waters last week in a highly publicized test."
Hillary Mann joins a growing consensus of current and former US Government, Military, and Intelligence Officials who accuse the Bush Administration of trying to spark another unnecessary and unfounded war in the Middle East for their own self-interests.
Bush came up with the same plan for Iraq, to be used in case he wanted to garner more support for the legitimacy of a grossly illegitimate war, two months before the invasion of Iraq.
The plan is detailed in a leaked memo confirmed by both the Independent(3) and the Guardian(4), which is not contested by either the Bush or Blair Administrations.
One plot, among others, consisted of "flying U2 reconnaissance aircraft with fighter cover over Iraq, painted in UN colors" in the hopes that Saddam Hussein would have it shot down.
Tony Blair and George Bush at a press conference in the White House. Washington DC. January 31, 2003
When asked what the Bush Administration should do in its confrontation with Iran, Hillary Mann suggested that "we should do what Nixon and Kissinger did with China in the early 1970s."
"A grand bargain would mean we would have to make some concessions, and it would mean the Iranians would have to make some important concessions.
"But at the end of the day I think there is a path.
"The Iranians have put this on the table before.
"There is a path to go forward to resolve the outstanding differences between the two countries, and eventually normalize the relationship, like the US and China, like with what we did at the end of the Vietnam War in opening China to the United States."
Confronted with the question of why the Bush Administration is seeking to lure Iran into attacking, Hillary Mann responded vaguely that it is a part of Bush's broader agenda for the Middle East to bring about a "democratization... peace and stability", to the region.
Of course, Iran is only one piece in the puzzle of a broader, century-long struggle by the US, Britain and its Western allies to colonize the Middle East to secure its oil reserves.
The Bush Administration is only picking up where others left off on this quest for global US hegemony.
1951 - Iran Nationalizes Oil Industry(5)
He becomes Iran’s first Prime Minister, the country’s first democratically elected leader, in the proceeding elections primarily as a result from this central issue.
This ends the immensely profitable monopoly that Britain controlled through the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company since 1909, which becomes the British Petroleum Company in 1954, more commonly known today as BP.
1953 - Operation Ajax(6)
Tactics employed by the CIA include:
- Controlling the countries newspapers to scare and mislead the public with false propaganda
- Bribing and funding government and military officials to gain allies against Mossadegh
- Funding opposition parties with money and weapons
- Infiltrating, controlling, and organizing mobs and protests
- Distributing fake flyers saying "UP WITH MOSSADEGH", "UP WITH COMMUNISM", and "DOWN WITH ISLAM"
After an initial failed coup attempt, a mob organized by the CIA is successful in ousting Mossadegh.
1953 to 1979 - CIA Puppet Government(7)
In exchange for giving him power over Iran, the Shah pleases his allies in the West by once again ensuring them a monopoly over Iran's oil fields.
Under the Shah's bloody reign, thousands of political opponents and innocent people suspected of being dissidents are rounded up by the Shah's CIA trained secret police, SAVAK, and put into their secret prison to be extensively tortured.
SAVAK also assassinates countless political opponents and government officials to ensure the Shah's, and ultimately the West's, control over Iran.
1979 - Iranian Revolution(8)
Accusations that the US, UK and Israel are actively conspiring against the Iranian public start to flourish in the country, helping fuel an already angry public to support Islamic Fundamentalists' call for revolution.
The CIA is caught completely off guard when the Shah leaves Iran on January 16 amidst sharp disapproval at home, followed by Ayatollah Khomeini and his Islamic Revolutionary Party seizing power on February 11.
1980 - Failed Nojeh Coup(9)
Saddam Hussein in Iraq is chosen to lead the coup, largely due to the fact that he views Islamic Fundamentalists as a threat to his regime, and, with the backing of the US, CIA and its Western Allies, Saddam leads the failed Nojeh coup d'etat to remove Khomeini on July 9.
After failing to overthrow Khomeini, Saddam invades Iran under the disputed pretext that Iran tried to assassinate his Foreign Minister, Tariq Aziz, on September 22.
1980 to 1988 - Iran-Iraq War(10)
In November 1987, Congress concludes in their report over the Iran-Contra affair that the US had sold "arms to Iran through Israel", beginning "in the summer of 1985, after receiving the approval of President Reagan."(11)
The US sold approximately $2-4 billion worth of arms to Iran through Israel, including 2,008 BGM-71 TOW anti-tank missiles and 235 parts kits for MIM-23 Hawk surface-to-air missiles.(12)
Last April Seymour Hersh, a writer for "The New Yorker", detailed in his report about the Bush Administration’s covert actions inside Iran(13), stating:
"Current and former American military and intelligence officials said that Air Force planning groups are drawing up lists of targets, and teams of American combat troops have been ordered into Iran, under cover, to collect targeting data and to establish contact with anti-government ethnic-minority groups."
Larisa Alexandrovna, a writer for "The Raw Story", expands on this in her report(14) also published last April, stating:
"One of the operational assets being used by the Defense Department is a right-wing terrorist organization known as Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), which is being ‘run’ in two southern regional areas of Iran.
"They are Baluchistan, a Sunni stronghold, and Khuzestan, a Shia region where a series of recent attacks has left many dead and hundreds injured in the last three months."
Retired U.S. Air Force Colonel Sam Gardiner also appeared last April on CNN in defense of Seymour Hersh’s claims(15), saying he thinks that "the decision has been made and military operations are under way."
He also stated "the Iranians have been saying American military troops are in there, [and] have been saying it for almost a year."
"And I said, ‘Hey, I hear you're accusing Americans of being in there operating with some of the units that have shot up revolution guard units.’
"He said, quite frankly, ‘Yes, we know they are. We've captured some of the units, and they've confessed to working with the Americans.’"
Jim Webb, the freshman Senator from Virginia, whose Election Day victory in '06 tipped the power in the Senate in the Democrats favor, appeared on "Hardball with Chris Matthews"(16) last week echoing the same warning given by Hillary Mann.
"That is totally different than conducting a preemptive war.
"And you know one thing, if you look at where we are in the Persian Gulf right now, when I was secretary of the Navy and until very recently, we never operated aircraft carriers inside the Persian Gulf because, number one, the turning radius is pretty close, and number two, the chance of accidentally bumping into something that would start a diplomatic situation was pretty high.
"We now have been doing that, and with the tensions as high as they are, I'm very worried that we might accidentally set something off in there and we need, as a Congress, to get ahead of the ball game here."
Zbigniew Brzezinski, the man who masterminded the failed Nojeh Coup in 1980 to topple the current Iranian government, came out on February 1 to testify before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee(17), blasting the Bush Administration's handling of the war.
He called the War on Terror a "mythical historical narrative" used to justify a "protracted and potentially expanding war," and accused them of trying to spread the conflict in Iraq to other parts of the Middle East by "deepening [a] quagmire eventually ranging across Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan."
"To argue that America is already at war in the region with a wider Islamic threat, of which Iran is the epicenter, is to promote a self-fulfilling prophecy,"
He also made note of the Bush Administration’s ludicrous cronyism, saying, "I am perplexed by the fact that major strategic decisions seem to be made within a very narrow circle of individuals—just a few, probably a handful, perhaps not more than the fingers on my hand.
Texas House Republican Ron Paul also had harsh words for the Bush Administration and Congress, giving an alarming speech before the US House of Representatives(18) on January 11.
He accused them both of using "the talk of a troop surge and jobs program in Iraq" to "distract Americans from the very real possibility of an attack on Iran."
"Securing the Horn of Africa and sending Ethiopian troops into Somalia do not bode well for world peace.
"Yet these developments are almost totally ignored by Congress.
"Rumors are flying about when, not if, Iran will be bombed by either Israel or the U.S. - possibly with nuclear weapons.
"Our CIA says Iran is ten years away from producing a nuclear bomb and has no delivery system, but this does not impede our plans to keep 'everything on the table' when dealing with Iran.
"We should remember that Iran, like Iraq, is a third-world nation without a significant military.
"Nothing in history hints that she is likely to invade a neighboring country, let alone do anything to America or Israel.
"I am concerned, however, that a contrived Gulf of Tonkin- type incident may occur to gain popular support for an attack on Iran.
"Even if such an attack is carried out by Israel over U.S. objections, we will be politically and morally culpable since we provided the weapons and dollars to make it possible.
"Mr. Speaker, let's hope I'm wrong about this one."
When governments fail in their attempts at baiting their enemy into attacking them first, they usually resort to a false flag operation, much like the "contrived Gulf of Tonkin-type incident" that Congressman Paul mentioned in his speech.
The Bush Administration's plan to provoke a first strike from Iran is nothing new, but one of many commonly used strategies with a lot of historical precedent used by many in government including US Presidents, the Nazis and the Soviets.
1846 - Mexican-American War(19)
Polk sends 3,500 American troops to the Mexican border along the Nueces River, ordering General Zachary Taylor to cross over into disputed territory, successfully baiting Mexico into striking the first blow.
Newspapers mobilize public support for the war with headlines like: "'Mexicans Killing our Boys in Texas", allowing Polk to get Congress to declare war on May 13.
1898 - Sinking of the USS Maine(19)
Newspapers accuse Spain of being behind the attack citing a fake telegram from Spain that they created to bolster public support for war, allowing President William McKinley to get Congress to declare war on April 19.
1915 - Sinking of the Lusitania(19)
President Woodrow Wilson used the passengers on board the Lusitania merely as human shields, or possibly with the intention of them being sacrificed in an effort to find a pretext for US involvement in WWI and to bolster the Isolationalist public to support entering the war.
1931 - Manchurian or Mukden Incident(20)
A brutal invasion followed the incident, claiming 10 to 37 million Chinese lives during the span of WWII.
The Chinese would come to refer to the day as 9/18, similar to the way American's refer to the attacks of September 11 as 9/11.
1933 - Reichstag Fire(21)
The Nazis accuse Marinus of being communist terrorist, and charge him of being a part of a larger Jewish communist plot to take over the Fatherland to coax the German public into fear, helping spread anti-Semitism and anti-communist sentiment like wildfire.
The next day in the aftermath of the attacks, Hitler gets President Hindenburg to sign the 'Reichstag Fire Decree' into law, suspending most civil liberties in Germany and uses it to go after political opponents and dissidents much like Bush’s USA PATRIOT Act.
On March 5, the Nazis and their allies' fall short of the two-thirds majority they wanted in their outcome on Election Day.
The Nazis coerce and bribe officials to get the votes they needed to pass the 'Enabling Act of 1933' on March 23, which allows Hitler and his Nazi party to rule by decree.
1939 - Gleiwitz Incident(22)
The next day German police find Franciszek Honiok, a man the Nazi's dressed up and killed by lethal injection, shooting him repeatedly to make it look like an authentic Polish attack.
1939 - Shelling of Mainila(23)
1941 - Pearl Harbor(19)
The message was a response to an insulting ultimatum the US sent Japan in attempts to provoke an attack.
The US gets its intended response, an attack on Pearl Harbor.
"The question was: how we should maneuver [the Japanese] into the position of firing the first shot." - Henry Stimson, Secretary of War under FDR
1948 to the 1980s - Operation Gladio(24)
Although the efforts were most heavily concentrated against Italy through the 70's and 80's, many other countries throughout Europe experienced similar black ops by the same secret service groups throughout the Cold War.
1950 - Korean War(19)
On June 25, the North Korean military moves three miles into South Korean territory.
The American public is told that the invasion is part of a Communist plot for world domination, instead of retaliation against South Korean aggression.
1953 - Operation Ajax(6)
1962 - Operation Northwoods(25)
It was never carried out since Kennedy refused to authorize the operation, which comes to light after the plan is declassified under the Freedom of Information Act in 1997.
1964 - Gulf of Tonkin(26)
The US Government later releases documents and tapes due to the Freedom of Information Act showing that President Johnson clearly knew without a doubt that there was no North Vietnamese attack upon any US forces.
LBJ then decides to go ahead and lie to the American public about the entire fabricated incident on national TV to garner support for escalating the war in Vietnam.
1979 - Covert CIA War in Afghanistan(19)
The CIA trains terrorists, like Osama bin Laden, in guerilla warfare tactics and show them how to make IED’s.
Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri form the terrorist group al Qaeda, which trains the Iraqi Insurgency how to make IED’s just like the CIA originally taught them.
IED’s are responsible for killing a third of all US combat forces who have died in the current Iraq war,(27) as opposed to Iran, which the Bush Administration has been accused of killing 170 US soldiers(28) indirectly by funding Shiite militias.
Even though the smuggled weapons from Iran are overwhelmingly used to go after Sunnis and other rival factions in Iraq instead of US soldiers, the White House continues to lay all the blame for the chaos in Iraq upon the Iranian government.
Excerpt from a Boston Globe article published last week(29):
He said most of the weapons Iran had been supplying the Shi'ite militias were believed to be for use against Sunnis.
"Shi'ite militias may be attacking US forces in retaliation for arrests of militia leaders," he said, "but their attacks pale in comparison to the deaths inflicted by Sunni insurgents who are not believed to get assistance from Iran."
"The Shi'ite militias are not the key threat to US forces in Iraq, so the overall question is why is the US military making a huge issue of this?" he said.
"I would say that it is part of broader strategy to contain Iran, to go after Iran's activities in Lebanon, in Iraq itself... It is part of a broader picture."
1980 - Failed Nojeh Coup(9)
1989 - Invasion of Panama(19)
It later turns out that US soldiers were harassing the Panamanian soldiers, including one incident where US officers fired at a military headquarters, wounding a soldier and a one-year old girl.
The wounded soldier later confirms this account to US reporters.
Some may argue that many of these wars or conflicts were inevitable, which can be agreed upon since the aggressing countries were seeking a pretext for a war they were already set on having.
The Bush Administration is now seeking to broaden an already costly, illegal, and illegitimate war from Iraq, to Iran and other parts of the region, employing many of the same lies and tactics used leading up to the March 2003 invasion of Iraq and throughout history.
The Administration’s actions against Iran will only succeed in exacerbating our already tarnished image and hurt US interests abroad.
Why, then, do President Bush, fellow Republicans in Congress and ‘Independent’ Senator Joe Lieberman keep accusing the Democrats of encouraging the enemy by simply talking about Iraq(30), as if Congress is expected to only talk about the inter-sectarian civil war that is going on in the country when it is convenient for the Bush Administration.
These types of foreign policy decisions only aid Islamic Fundamentalists recruit in the region as resentment spreads and grows among people in the Middle East.
This is clearly demonstrated in the failed 2006 Israeli-Lebanese Invasion where Israel was only successful at bolstering Lebanese support for Hezbollah.
History is doomed to repeat itself if Americans do not wake up to the shrewd methods being employed by the Bush Administration, and as a nation we have to stop doubting our government’s capability to commit such heinous actions.
Our democracy becomes just another dictatorship, guided by the agendas of a few elite in power, when there is an absence of a vigilant and informed citizenry.
This is a war with possible global nuclear consequences, with Bush even plotting to employ strategic mini-nukes to strike key nuclear and government targets.(31)
Write to your Congressmen and to presidential candidates, and tell them that they you won’t get your vote in the next election if they won’t support legislation that ends this war.
Petition Congress, they have the power to end this war, impeach Bush and Cheney and prevent future acts of aggression from this criminal administration.
Act before it’s too late.
We cannot stand to be remembered as the generation of Americans that did nothing.
1 CNN. American Morning. Transcript: "Defense Department Offers Evidence High-Level Iranian Leader Is Supplying Arms to Shiite Insurgents in Iraq". February 12, 2007
2 Hirsh, Michael and Bahari, Maziar. "Blowup? America's Hidden War With Iran". Newsweek. February 11, 2007
3 McSmith, Andy. "Bush 'plotted to lure Saddam into war with fake UN plane'". The Independent. February 3, 2006
4 Norton-Taylor, Richard. "Blair-Bush deal before Iraq war revealed in secret memo". Guardian Unlimited. February 3, 2006
5 "History of Iran: Oil Nationalization". Iran Chamber Society
6 United States. National Security Archive. "The Secret CIA History of the Iran Coup"
7 "Ministry of Security SAVAK". Pike, John. Federation of American Scientists
8 "History of Iran: Islamic Revolution of 1979". Iran Chamber Society
9 Gol, Pesare. "Nice Try". The Iranian. July 12, 2004
10 United States. National Security Archive. "Shaking Hands with Saddam Hussein: The U.S. Tilts toward Iraq, 1980-1984". Battle, Joyce. February 25, 2003
11 "The Iran-Contra Affair". Jewish Virtual Library. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise.
12 "Iran Military Introduction". Global Security
13 Hersh, Seymour. "The Iran Plans". The New Yorker. April 4, 2006
14 Alexandrovna, Larisa. "On Cheney, Rumsfeld order, US outsourcing special ops, intelligence to Iraq terror group, intelligence officials say". The Raw Story. April 13, 2006
15 CNN. Your World Today. Transcript: "Top Iranian Government Officials Speak Out Against the West; Sectarian Attacks Drive Iraqis From Their Homes; Calls for Rumsfeld's Resignation". April 14, 2006
16 MSNBC. Hardball with Chris Matthews. Transcript. February 7, 2007.
17 United States. Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Brzezinski, Zbigniew. "SFRC Testimony". Washington. February 1, 2007
18 Congressman Paul, Ron. "Escalation is Hardly the Answer". United States. House of Representatives. January 11, 2007
19 Sanders, Richard. "Going to War: Unraveling the Tangled Web of American Pretext Stratagems (1846-1989)." Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade. May 2002
20 United States. Naval War College. "Handbook for the Chinese Civil War". Professor Wilson
21 "The Reichstag Burns". The History Place
22 "Part I Blitzkrieg September 1, 1939: a new kind of warfare engulfs Poland". TIME Magazine. August 28, 1989
23 Maddock, Robert. "The Finnish Winter War"
24 Ganser, Daniele. "NATO's secret armies linked to terrorism?". ISN Security Watch. December 15, 2004
25 United States. National Security Archive. "Operation Northwoods". Washington. The Joint Chiefs of Staff. March 13, 1962
26 United States. National Security Archive. "The White House Tapes". Prados, John. New York. 2003
27 "Coalition Casualties: Fatality Details". Iraq Coalition Casualty Count
28 "Bush Declares Iran’s Arms Role in Iraq Is Certain". Stolberg, Sheryl. Santora, Marc. The New York Times. February 15, 2007
29 Donnelly, John and Stockman, Farah. "Military offers evidence of Iran arming Iraqi militants". The Boston Globe. February 12, 2007
30 Goldberg, Jeffery. "The Lorax". The New Yorker. February 12, 2007
31 Chossudovsky, Michel. "Is the Bush Administration Planning a Nuclear Holocaust?". Centre for Research on Globalization. February 22, 2006