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Saturday, July 11, 2009

Bruno: Delicious Journeys Through America for the Purpose of Making Heterosexual Males Visibly Uncomfortable in the Presence of a Gay Foreigner

Bruno pervasive strong and crude sexual content, graphic nudity and language.

With "Bruno," the comic and satirist Sacha Baron Cohen completes a trilogy of films based on characters originally created for English television: a suburban would-be hiphopper (Ali G), a sex-mad Kazakh TV host (Borat), and, now, a gay Austrian fashionista seeking worldwide fame.

Like its predecessor films "Ali G Indahouse" and "Borat," "Bruno" is crude both in form and content while at the same time capable of evoking explosions of shocked and, often, shamed laughter. It is a smorgasbord of scatology, audacity and embarrassment encased in a hastily and, it must be said, shoddily crafted frame. And its brazen efforts to embody and/or confront stereotypes of race and sexuality never feel fully conceived or absorbed.

Brüno is a 2009 British/American mockumentary bouffon-styled comedy film directed by Larry Charles. Sacha Baron Cohen, who also produced and co-wrote the movie, stars as the flamboyant gay Austrian fashion journalist Brüno. This film is the third based on characters from Da Ali G Show, following Ali G Indahouse and Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan.


Gay Austrian fashion reporter Brüno is fired from his show after disrupting a catwalk show during Milan Fashion week. Accompanied by his assistant's assistant Lutz, he travels to the United States to become a superstar.

After a pilot of a celebrity interview show (mostly consisting of him dancing erotically, suggesting Jamie-Lynn Spears get an abortion, stalking Harrison Ford, and showing his penis uncensored for thirty seconds onscreen, including the penis singing) bombs with a test audience, he attempts to become famous via various other methods. In an attempt to create a sex tape, he arranges an interview with Ron Paul (unsuspectingly "played" by himself), and while the two wait for a staged technical problem to be fixed, Brüno starts hitting on Ron Paul who leaves angrily, after calling him a "queer".

He consults advisers to select a world problem for which he can become a charity spokesperson; he selects the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and has an interview with former Mossad agent Yossi Alpher and Palestinian politician Ghassan Khatib in which Brüno asks silly questions. He later arranges a meeting with a leader of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, a recognized terrorist organization, in an attempt to get kidnapped, first insulting his hair, then suggesting "King Osama" looks like a dirty wizard or a homeless version of Santa Claus. His translator reluctantly relays the message, and orders Brüno to get out.,467x385+26+0.JPG
In a TV talk show, he shows the black audience a black baby (named O.J.) who he acquired in Africa by "swapping him" for a U2 iPod. The audience is appalled. Social Services take the boy away from Brüno, driving him into severe depression and gorging himself on high-carb junk food to commit "carbicide". Lutz carries him home and has sex with Brüno, who is under the influence of "carb goggles". When they awaken, they are trapped in an elaborate bondage mechanism with the key out of their reach. When they call a bellhop for help, they are told to leave the hotel without the gear being removed. After attempting to board a bus, Brüno and Lutz are taken to the police station. The equipment is removed, and Brüno angrily tells Lutz they are not a couple, and he does not love him. Lutz leaves him.
Brüno seeks help to become heterosexual after realizing that the biggest names in Hollywood are straight (citing Tom Cruise, Kevin Spacey and John Travolta). Attempting to turn his sexual orientation around, he finds himself attempting to do "straight" activities such as joining the national guard, going hunting, learning karate, and even attending a swinger party (all of which activities he fails at miserably amidst his still-apparent homosexual traits).

Eight months later, a now-heterosexual Brüno, under the alias "Straight Dave", hosts a cage-fight match. Lutz, who is at the event, calls him gay, and the two fight, only to rekindle their love, making out and stripping in front of aghast spectators. The spectators are so upset that the begin to throw various objects into the cage, among them plastic cups and a metal folding chair. The final scene shows a now-famous Brüno, together with Lutz and O.J., whom he got back in exchange for a MacBook Pro. Over the closing credits, Brüno records a charity song with celebrities Bono (from U2), Elton John, Snoop Dogg, Chris Martin (from Coldplay), Sting (from The Police) and Slash (from Guns N' Roses and Velvet Revolver).


During Cohen's middle east interview of Alpher and Khatib, neither were unaware of the farcical nature of the questions which deliberately conflated Hamas and hummus and indicated that the conflict is between Jews and Hindus.

On June 6, 2008, a riot ensued at a stunt orchestrated by Baron Cohen and the producers of the film as they staged a "Blue Collar Brawlin'" in Fort Smith, Arkansas. Patrons were lured to an event billed as cage fighting, held at a convention centre, by print and Craigslist advertisements, promoting "hot girls", $1 beer, and $5 admission. Approximately 1500 people attended the event and were greeted by signs that informed them that they were being filmed. No mobile phones, video, or cameras were allowed inside. Instead of hot girls and cage fighting, the acts taking place became homosexual in nature and people threw chairs and beer at the performers. The performers were Brüno (Baron Cohen) under the ironic gimmick, "Straight Dave" and Gustaf Hammarsten portraying his opponent.

In July 2008, Tyler, Texas television station KETK-TV was approached by a "documentary film-maker" who was allowed to bring a crew to interview a few members of the staff, including news director Neal Barton and sports director Danny Elzner. They signed releases and expected to be talking about small-town news in the United States. Instead, the interviews conducted by the flamboyant Brüno character drifted towards the topic of homosexuality.

In September 2008, video and photographs were released showing Baron Cohen (in character as Brüno) storming the catwalk with objects on his velcro outfit during an Ágatha Ruiz de la Prada fashion show in Milan, Italy. Baron Cohen managed to walk down the runway for a few moments before lights were dimmed and security guards escorted him away. This occurred after Baron Cohen and his crew were allegedly stopped by security while attempting to enter back-stage at two other shows during Milan's fashion week.

On November 2, 2008, Baron Cohen, dressed as Brüno, and his film crew were spotted at a Los Angeles rally in support of California's Proposition 8. Though he appeared to fool most, he was recognized by some at the rally and whisked away before he could be interviewed by reporters. On November 7, while appearing as an extra in a scene for Medium, Baron Cohen interrupted a scene in character and was removed from the set. Production on the episode was shut down temporarily.

The production team also deceived former presidential candidate Ron Paul into being interviewed by Brüno by posing as an Austrian TV reporter looking to question the congressman about economic issues. According to sources at Slate magazine, the interview starts out normally, but after a staged technical error, Brüno suggests he and Dr. Paul wait in the other room while the crew fixes a light. It is there that Brüno turns on music and begins dancing, which Ron Paul ignores at first. However, as soon as Brüno drops his pants, the congressman storms out of the room. A spokeswoman for Paul commented on the incident. She said Baron Cohen's people were very deceptive in their tactics.

At the time, she thought they were "legitimate" but now[when?] confesses to some concern. "I'm familiar with his work, so you can imagine how I feel about it," she said. Jesse Benton, senior vice-president of Ron Paul's Campaign for Liberty organization and former campaign spokesman for Paul, said Paul was not familiar with Baron Cohen's program, Da Ali G Show. "If it's not on hard-core financial news, he doesn't follow it," Benton said. But, he added, "It sounds like it's going to be pretty funny."

Baron Cohen suffered a severe reaction to hydrogen peroxide after bleaching his hair in preparation for the role of Brüno. Although the incident temporarily slowed the production of the movie, he suffered no long-lasting injuries.[11]


Though the film was originally slated for a May 15, 2009 release,[12] the release was later moved to July 10, 2009.[13] The film received an early release in Australia, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands,[citation needed] New Zealand,[14] and Iceland[citation needed] on July 8 and in Germany,Greece, Serbia,[citation needed] Slovenia,[15] Israel,[citation needed], Ireland and Bosnia and Herzegovina[16] on July 9. The film was then released internationally on July 10, 2009.


MPAA: Rated R for pervasive strong and crude sexual content, graphic nudity and language.

Upon its initial review, the film was given an NC-17 rating.[17] However, it has been suggested that Sacha Baron Cohen and the film's producers purposefully included material which would guarantee such a rating in order to drum up publicity for the film.[18] It was reedited to qualify for an R rating with the possibility of deleted scenes reinserted for an Unrated DVD release.[19]

It received an 18 rating by the BBFC. In Canada, the film received an 18A rating, with Quebec assigning a 16+ classification. In Australia it received an MA 15+ rating, while in New Zealand it received an R16 rating. The Irish Film Classification Office gave the film a 16 rating (the 16 rating in Ireland however is theatrical only, meaning it will most likely be released with a 18 cert on DVD). In contrary, in Sweden, the film has been labeled with the certificate to allow 11-year olds to view the film, or 7-year-olds with an accompanying adult.


In a publicity stunt at the 2009 MTV Movie Awards, Sacha Baron Cohen appeared as Brüno to present the award for Best Male Performer. Dressed as a winged angel wearing a jockstrap and white go-go boots, he was suspended on wires and flew over the audience towards the stage. However, before he made it to the stage, he fell and landed on rapper Eminem, with his head in Eminem's lap and his buttocks in front of Eminem's face. Eminem shouted "Are you fucking serious?" and "Get this motherfucker off me!" with the live censors unable to completely block the profanity in his outburst, until they completely cut off the audio (this despite the event being staged).[20] Eminem and his entourage then walked out of the show and didn't return. It was later revealed that Eminem and Cohen had staged this whole event, even rehearsing it beforehand to make sure it went off without a hitch.[21]

Brüno also appeared on The Tonight Show where he performed a lap dance for host Conan O'Brien and ultimately removed his pants.



Reviews of the premier screenings of Brüno were generally very positive and acclaimed among audiences. Nick Curtis of the Evening Standard wrote that Brüno is "funnier, more offensive, and more outrageous than Borat."[22] The Telegraph gave the film four stars out of four, saying "impossible not to laugh and also praising Brüno's controversial style of comedy."[23] The BBC also gave the film a positive review, saying "Bruno pushes the boundaries further than Borat ever did." However, they also said that "It's not going to be everyone's cup of tea" due to the offensive nature of the film.[24] Roger Ebert awarded the film three and a half out of four stars, and said "Here is a film that is 82 minutes long and doesn't contain 30 boring seconds", although he warned that the film's R rating was "very, very hard".[25]

Andy Lowe from Total Film gave it a lower review, giving it three stars out of five and calling it "as phoney and frustrating as it is funny...The clothes may be new and more fabulous, but the emperor seriously needs to go shopping."[26]The film was not well-received by The Guardian, who described Bruno as, "a product of Sacha Baron Cohen's bourgeois sexual neuroses."[27]The Guardian described Cohen's character of Bruno as a, "shameless vent to his typical public schoolboy's obsession with buggery and banal anal perversions," later raising questions about Cohen's apparent obsession with homosexuality, even in his late thirties.[27]

The film currently holds a 71% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes and is advertised as a "Certified Fresh Pick". However, it is still 21% behind Cohen's previous film, Borat. [28]

Reception in Austria

While Borat was highly criticised in Kazakhstan, Austrians were generally positive about Brüno. Some commented that the film places Austria on the spotlight, and that "it might stop people confusing Austria with Australia and it might make people remember Hitler is Austrian not German, (a fact that foreigners) seem to (get) muddled up". Others regarded the humour as "pretty average" and "inoffensive to Austria."[29] Within the Austrian press, reactions have been generally mild and positive, although the film has also been labelled as "repetitive". Christian Fuchs, from the Austrian radio station FM4, writes that "hidden beneath the hard-as-nails satirist Cohen, lies a humanist who enlightens." However, the film has also met some opposition in Austria, due to its portrayal of homosexuality, and basing the country of Austria on motifs such as Josef Fritzl and Hitler,[30] even going as far as calling Mel Gibson "der Führer". Emil Brix, Austria's envoy to the United Kingdom, called for a boycott of the film, criticizing the film's "cheap" jokes, denouncing the film as "completely improper and unsuitable", and stating that the film tarnishes Austria's public image.


On May 22, 2009, a charity worker at a seniors bingo game sued Baron Cohen, claiming an incident shot for the film at a charity bingo tournament left her disabled.[31] However, the worker later retracted her statement saying the "actor never struck her", but that he "beat her down emotionally to the point she's now confined to a wheelchair."[32]


Bruno: Delicious Journeys Through America for the Purpose of Making Heterosexual Males Visibly Uncomfortable in the Presence of a Gay Foreigner in a Mesh T-Shirt was a mock-title proposed by Hollywood-news and gossip blog Defamer[33][34] and mistakenly reported as genuine by a number of sources of film information, including the Daily Star[35], The Irish Times, Internet Movie Database, and The Guardian.[36]

Michael Jackson incidents

Following the sudden death of Michael Jackson on June 25, 2009, a scene from Brüno was hastily removed from the film before its Hollywood premiere later that evening. The scene involved Brüno tricking La Toya Jackson into an interview where he asked her to take a seat on hunched over Mexican workers substituting for chairs and invited her to eat sushi from the back of a naked man. Brüno then proceeded to steal her mobile phone in order to get her brother Michael's phone number. The scene was later confirmed to be removed from the film permanently,[37] although a similar scene involving Paula Abdul did make it into the final cut of the film.

Further controversy arose when preparation for the premiere caused Michael Jackson's Hollywood Walk of Fame star at Grauman's Chinese Theatre to be temporarily covered over, disturbing fans who had come to pay their respects. Fans proceeded to gather at a different Michael Jackson star instead.[38]

But, really, all the cautions and qualifications in the world are blasted out of your head by some of the film's astoundingly hilarious ideas and sequences. Bruno and his partner have acrobatic, degradingly inventive sex; Bruno parades his adopted African son before an all-black tabloid talk show audience; Bruno interviews Paula Abdul in an empty house, the two using crouching Mexican gardeners as chairs; Bruno puts the sexytime moves on Congressman Ron Paul in a hotel room; a TV network focus group reacts (appalled, appropriately) to Bruno's daft concept for a new show; Bruno has long, revealing chats with gay deprogrammers in the deep South. One scene after another pushes you into paroxysms; you're almost glad for the bits that feel overly staged or underdeveloped: they give your ribcage a rest.

And yet, for all the pleasure of that laughter, which is undeniable, there's a residue to "Bruno" that can leave you feeling dirty and unsure of yourself. Only the most PC audience could read "Borat" as an attack on Kazakh culture or heritage; most of the jabs were clearly against the xenophobic Americans the character encountered in Cohen's patented mockumentary ambush style.

But Bruno, perhaps because Cohen plays him so brilliantly, vividly personifies some of the most hateful stereotypes of homosexual manners and lifestyles in a way that Cohen, his co-writers and director Larry Charles don't have quite control of. Yes, the homophobic bigotry of a variety of those whom Bruno encounters is exposed nakedly and often humorously; but at the same time the film plainly asks the audience to laugh at Bruno's sexual tastes and flamboyant air. You could be amused by or with Ali G or Borat and be on firm footing, morally speaking; Bruno, whether by its creators' choices or lapses, affords you no such steady ground.

Maybe it's not fair to talk about a raucous, profoundly R-rated comedy in such ways. It's a summertime movie, after all, and in comic terms it succeeds, more or less, if not quite as unequivocally as "Borat." Thing is, though, were these same stereotypes and exaggerations of gay men presented in, say, a Judd Apatow film, an angry response would be entirely appropriate. Cohen is trying to do moral floor exercises on the edge of a knife, and to acknowledge that he provokes gutbusting laughs while he does it isn't to say that he succeeds in unmasking hypocrisy or prejudice or hate in the ways that, presumably, he hopes to.

So know this going into "Bruno," then: you will laugh; you will see things you would have hoped never to see if you'd had the misfortune to imagine them; you will feel chagrin for innocent bystanders and celebrities who ought to have knownbetter; you will be made to feel deeply uncomfortable. But, I fear, you won't be enlightened, despite the best of intentions of the creators. And, I fear even more, if you enter the film with a closed mind, you might have it welded permanently shut. Which doesn't, in sum, seem to be the point of comedy or satire.

Austria’s sexiest export since the crotchless lederhosen has been let loose on the iPhone and iPod Touch. This is your chance to get up close and very personal with Sacha Baron Cohen’s most outrageous comedy creation, Brüno.

The Brüno iPhone app features exclusive ringtones, alarm clock alerts, games and soundboards showcasing the flamboyant fashionista’s favorite catchphrases.

Brüno enjoys nothing better than being manhandled by complete strangers, so let your fingers do the talking with the exclusive ‘Touch Brüno’ feature. Hit his sweet spot and he’ll reward you with some Austrian dirty talk.

Who wouldn’t want the chance to become the great man himself? Upload a picture of your face to Brüno-ize yourself.

Marvel at Brüno’s ‘unterhosen’ by shaking your phone to see his fabulous range of thongs and underwear.

Get wet with the Austrian zeitgeistmeister in the ‘Brünoquarium’.

Don’t miss out on this chance to be seen with this season’s most fabulous iPhone app.



Better than Borat, 1 July 2009
I got free tickets to an exclusive screening of Bruno last night, I went in expecting to find it funny, but the memories of Borat, and the catchphrases that haunted me months after the movie came out still lingered. Yes I loved Borat on first viewing, yes it was shocking, it was original, but it was brilliant. Sadly it became way, way too popular, and sadly the joke wore very thin by the millionth time I had heard many of the lines from the film. When Bruno was first announced I had no interest in the film. The character was good, but in my opinion also very one note and lacking the comedic potential that Borat had. Yet I can safely say after watching it, that it is by far one of the funniest movies in ages, narrowly just above The Hangover I would say. Bruno is a hugely risky comedy, and will offend many people. Yet it doesn't seem as offencive as Borat, and as a result possibly funnier. This isn't to say Bruno is tame, far from it. A scene with a talking penis more than sees to that (also the funniest scene I have seen in many a year). But credit has to go to Sacha Baron Cohen, is really is the modern day Peter Sellers. Like Sellers he has perfect comedic timing, has a vast array of characters to play with, and truly seems to inhabit his roles. At no point in this movie did I question that Bruno didn't exist, thats how brilliantly he plays the role. Sure Bruno may grate to some viewers, but he is actually a decent character. The short run time, while questionably too short (possibly the missing Latoya Jackson interview might have made up for this), makes sure the film never outstays its welcome.

Cohen truly is perfect in the movie, and also a very incredibly brave man. While I question whether some scene weren't actually staged, the man does seem to put himself in very risky situations. An interview with a terrorist being frighteningly realistic, and the crowds reaction at the end basically coming across that he could be murdered at any second. But the key to this type of humour is the public's reactions, and some members react absolutely brilliantly. The most horrifying and shocking for me being an interview with parents who want their children in show business. What they are willing to do is absolutely horrifying. I question Paula Abdul's interview not being staged, but it is funny all the same. Bruno's assistant, Lutz, played by Gustaf Hammarsten, is amusing though not as great as Borat's manager. The pair do have some great scene, especially when they're locked together in a rather sexual way, that is pretty damned funny.

Bruno will either drive you into hysterics, as it did me and everyone in the audience. Or will horrify and shock you, yet as I just said it didn't appear to do so in my audience, in fact unlike Borat (where at least 10 people walked), nobody left Bruno at all. The comedy is brilliant, and while it is shocking you cannot help but laugh. It balances wincing with embarrassment with shock humour to perfection. It's an incredibly funny movie with so many memorable lines (that possibly I may hate in a month because of the movies inevitable popularity), and scenes that are just hilarious. My only gripe with it is the length I guess, which is both a blessing and a curse for the movie. It just seems lacking a bit more, ten/fifteen more minutes would have been perfect in my mines just to make the movie flow that bit better. But when a movie is this funny, how can you really criticise it for not falling into many comedies traps? Just running on far too long, yes 40 Year Old Virgin as much as I love you I am looking at you.

Overall Bruno is a must see of this summer, which so far seems to be lacking in many quality movies. Anyway if you want a short, sharp, shock, but a funny shock, of a movie then Bruno is definitely for you. Just don't go with your parents!

Cast (in credits order)

Sacha Baron Cohen ... Brüno

Gustaf Hammarsten ... Lutz

Clifford Bañagale ... Diesel
Chibundu Orukwowu ... O.J.
Chigozie Orukwowu ... O.J.

Josh Meyers ... Kookus
Toby Hoguin ... Mexican Gardener #1
Robert Huerta ... Mexican Gardener #2
Gilbert Rosales ... Mexican Gardener #3

Thomas Rosales Jr. ... Mexican Gardener #4
Marco Xavier ... Mexican Gardener #5

Bono ... 'Dove of Peace'
Chris Martin ... 'Dove of Peace'

Elton John ... 'Dove of Peace'
Slash ... 'Dove of Peace'

Snoop Dogg ... 'Dove of Peace'

Sting ... 'Dove of Peace'
rest of cast listed alphabetically:

Paula Abdul ... Herself (uncredited)

Domiziano Arcangeli ... Fashion Show Director in Milan (uncredited)
Richard Bey ... Himself (uncredited)

Harrison Ford ... Himself (uncredited)

John Grant Gordon ... German Male Model (uncredited)
Ron Paul ... Himself (uncredited)

Stephen Sepher ... Photographer (uncredited)
Alexander von Roon ... German reporter (uncredited)

Produced by
Jason Alper .... associate producer
Sacha Baron Cohen .... producer
Jonah Hill .... associate producer
Anthony Hines .... executive producer
Monica Levinson .... producer
Dan Mazer .... producer
Jon Poll .... co-producer
Jay Roach .... producer
Jeff Schaffer .... associate producer
Todd Schulman .... co-producer
Dale Stern .... associate producer

Original Music by
Erran Baron Cohen

Cinematography by
Anthony Hardwick

Wolfgang Held

Film Editing by
Scott M. Davids

James Thomas

Production Design by
Dan Butts

Denise Hudson

David Maturana
(as David Saenz de Maturana)

Art Direction by
Kate Bunch

Lisa Marinaccio

Set Decoration by
Ute Bergk

Britt Woods

Costume Design by
Jason Alper

Makeup Department
Helen Kalognomos .... assistant makeup artist

Production Management
Jamie D. Boscardin .... production supervisor
Sonja B. Zimmer .... production manager germany

Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Miguel Lombardi .... first assistant director: Italy
Eliot Mathews .... first assistant director

Art Department
Chris Buchinsky .... storyboard artist
Skip Crank .... property master: Washington DC/Los Angeles
Oliver Dear .... conceptual artist
Marjorie Eber .... art department coordinator
J. Michael Glynn .... property master
Randy Hearne .... carpenter
Anson Jew .... concept art
Douglas R. Johnson .... set painter
John Paul 'J.P.' Jones .... property master
Bianca Makarewicz .... art department runner
Frank Noack .... set dresser
Eric Whitney .... construction coordinator

Sound Department
Sarah Bourgeois .... assistant sound editor
Jeremy Brill .... boom operator
Bill Burns .... first assistant sound editor
Jenna Dalla Riva .... foley recording assistant
Susan Dudeck .... dialogue editor
Alison Fisher .... supervising dialogue & adr editor
Alan Freedman .... adr mixer
Brooke Graeff .... foley assistant
Scott Harber .... production sound mixer
Jonas Jansson .... additional adr recordist
Scott A. Jennings .... sound effects editor
Andy Malcolm .... foley artist
Michael O'Farrell .... supervising sound editor
Joel Shryack .... dialogue editor
Don White .... foley recording mixer

Visual Effects by
Chris Chappell .... compositor
Jalal Jemison .... compositor

Eddie Braun .... stunts
Alex Daniels .... stunt coordinator
Shawn Lane .... stunt performer
Hugh Aodh O'Brien .... utility stunts

Camera and Electrical Department
Michael Alba .... additional camera operator
Thierry Bohnke .... first assistant camera (segment)
Jimmy Bourcier .... assistant camera: France Unit
Marc Christie .... key grip
M. Autumn Eakin .... assistant camera: additional
Martin Frank .... gaffer: germany
Luke Geissbuhler .... additional photography
Felice Guzzi .... gaffer
Nate Havens .... additional camera operator
John Johns .... video controller
Matt Mindlin .... additional cinematographer
Jon Myers .... additional camera operator
Jon Myers .... jimmy jib operator
John C. Nadeau .... unit gaffer
Marcus Pohlus .... Steadicam operator: Berlin unit
Mark Schwartzbard .... camera operator
Michael Penn Smith .... jib operator
Kevin Tiesiera .... lighting technician: Los Angeles

Casting Department
Dennis Overeem .... casting assistant
Johanna Ragwitz .... extras casting

Costume and Wardrobe Department
Lindsey Kear .... wardrobe production assistant
Dayna Pink .... fashion consultant
Jennifer Starzyk .... costume supervisor

Editorial Department
Brandon Balin .... assistant editor
Bryan Cantrall .... on-line editor
Marisa Clayton .... digital intermediate producer: Modern VideoFilm
Rachelle Dang .... assistant editor (2009)
Joe Finley .... digital film colorist

Music Department
Christopher Guardino .... score conducted and orchestrated by
Richard Henderson .... music editor
Richard Henderson .... music supervisor
Stephanie Lowry .... music editor
Peter Rotter .... music contractor
Dennis S. Sands .... music scoring mixer
Steven L. Smith .... music preparation

Transportation Department
Bruce Callahan .... transportation
David Christenson .... transportation
Royale Edward .... driver
Kirk Huston .... transportation coordinator
Chris Stephens .... transportation coordinator
Olivier Suffert .... production driver: Paris unit

Other crew
Jesse J. Adams .... production assistant
Robyn Adams .... writers' assistant
Jeremy Alter .... location manager: Los Angeles
Kieran Baker .... field coordinator
Chelsea Barnard .... field coordinator
Allison Boon .... field coordinator
Jordi Caballero .... choreographer
Cara Casey .... field coordinator
Pierre Cheminat .... assistant accountant
Michael Cleaver .... production and claims counsel
Adam Cuthbert .... production assistant
Richard Davison .... accounting clerk
Steven Davis .... field coordinator
Kathleen Egan .... field supervisor
Stephen Feder .... field coordinator
Natalia Garcia .... field coordinator
Christopher Godfrey .... writing assistant
Josh Greenbarg .... production assistant
Lon Haber .... dialect/language coach
Mitch Harbeson .... location manager
John Kiriakou .... security consultant
Richard Klein .... security consultant
Kea Könneker .... key production assistant
Alexandra Lambrinidis .... production field supervisor
Keri Lederman .... production supervisor: additional photography
Ryan Leiderman .... field coordinator
Geri Logan .... field coordinator
Don Orlando .... production accountant
John Sanchez .... production coordinator
Russell Smith .... production and claims counsel
Greg Stephenson .... teleprompter operator
Scott Trimble .... location scout: reshoots
Clare Tucker .... field coordinator
Mathew A. Villalobos .... key assistant location manager
Tracy Wilcoxen .... audience coordinator
Lavinia Zetina .... key first assistant accountant

Roger Drew .... thanks
Will Smith .... thanks

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