DO NOT KID YOURSELF!!
Turkey is cleaning up the CIA undercover networks that blow up civilians and bölame it on al qaeda islamists etc
Over a hundred people, including several generals, party officials, and a former secretary general of the National Security Council, have been detained (imgaine that in the USA!) or questioned since July 2008 Hearings began on 20 October 2008, and are expected to continue for over a year. Commentators in the Turkish press have called Ergenekon "the case of the century"
The Gladio strategy by Peter Edel*With the end of the Cold War, a break with the past took place in organizations within the Turkish version of Gladio. The focus shifted in directions other than the left, with the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Gülen movement the latest..
Each time just after an act of terrorism in Turkey there is this strange obscure vacuum. When the assault is claimed and even when suspects have been ...
There is a distinctive psychological side to terrorism. While traditional warfare is about gaining territory, the terrorist wants to conquer public opinion instead. Whether based on religious or political ideologies, terrorists always go for public opinion one way or another. The intention to create political chaos through violence is another common denominator between them. These common grounds can to a certain extent lead to contacts and sometimes even to cooperation and joint operations by groups which oppose each other entirely in the "normal world." A similarity in strategies applied by various terrorist groups is usually the basis for connections of this kind. Let's illustrate this with the strategies of radical left and extreme right terrorist groups in Italy during the '70s. Of course, we see opposing schemes. Violence from the left follows the expectation that political chaos will unmask the state, followed by a sequence of unchained revolutionary events. In the approach of right-wing terrorism, political chaos and instability will make the public demand drastic measures, with success for right-wing parties during elections, or a military takeover as an imagined result. Major differences. The point is that as long the state of political chaos has not been reached, the strategies are almost identical, which is the lubricant for infiltration and black flag operations. This combination is able to cover any terrorist attack in a shroud of uncertainty. That's what happened in Italy during the '70s. And that's what seems to be taking place in Turkey nowadays.
A project of the early Cold War years
In the Italy of the '70s, neo-fascist terrorists routinely planted radical red flags on the bodies of their randomly chosen victims. This manipulation of public political consciousness was masterminded by Gladio, the popular name of a network which emerged in the early Cold War years. On the command of Washington and the CIA, each NATO member had to arrange a secret "stay behind" network. The original task of this structure was to coordinate resistance in the eventuality of the occupation of Western Europe by the Soviet Union. To be prepared for the situation, weapons were hidden in secret places and intelligence channels were established. But Gladio was more.
The Gladio strategists recognized the socialist movement in Europe as a high risk factor. In the event of occupation by the Soviets, it was feared that the left would turn against Western interests and form a fifth column. Several campaigns against the left were set up to curb the danger. The most extreme alternative intended to break the reputation of the left-wing movement by associating it with political violence. However, the leftist activists who were willing to use violence represented a tiny minority within the movement at the time. To counter this problem, false flag operations were planned by Gladio, while the most radical elements in left-wing groups were provoked into action by right-wing infiltrators from the Italian deep state.
The use of such methods was recommended in a document known as "Field Manual 30-31" (FM 30-31). Originally composed by US strategists in the Pentagon and later translated into the languages of the NATO member states, it taught far-right activists how to deal with the left.
For European governments considered as passive towards the socialist movement, FM 30-31 prescribed "special operations," i.e., infiltration and black flag ops, to confront the public with the "true nature" of the leftist enemy. In 1978 politician Aldo Moro met his end in this context. He was abducted and killed by a branch of a radical leftist organization, the "Brigatto Rosso." Later on it appeared that this group had been infiltrated by right-wing, Gladio-connected agents. Before the death of Moro, Italy had already gone through much violence with the infamous bomb attacks in Piazza Fontana in 1969 and Peteano in 1972. The climax followed in 1980 in Milan, when the roof of the city's central station collapsed after a bomb explosion, causing 85 deaths.
One of the most infamous Gladio-connected names is that of Stefano delle Chiaie. This member of the nationalist neo-fascist organization Ordine Nuovo was one of the most important Gladio tools against the left. As far as the relationship between Gladio and the Turkish deep state of the '70s is concerned, it should be mentioned that delle Chiaie was seen in the company of Turkish ultranationalist terrorist Abdullah Çatlı, who died during a much-discussed traffic accident in Susurluk in 1996. Before his death, Çatlı followed delle Chiaie on a trip to South America, where both made contact with local fascists and representatives of military regimes.
First, there was Gladio in Italy. Now Ergenekon, the next chapter of Turkey's deep state, is being exposed. In many ways Ergenekon comes across as a remnant of the stay-behind structure from the '50s, as a branch was set up in Turkey as well. With the end of the Cold War, a break with the past took place in organizations within the Turkish version of Gladio. The focus shifted in directions other than the left, with the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Gülen movement the latest targets of Turkey's deep state.
But although the enemies are new, one thing hasn't changed, because the strategies of today show a striking resemblance to those of the past. Ergenekon still uses the same psychological methods as Gladio did in '70s Italy such as black flag operations and most likely infiltration by provocateurs, as well, for there are more than a few indications that Ergenekon has been provoking political and radical religious organizations to commit violent acts. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), the Marxist/Leninist Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C) and the Islamic Hizbullah have been mentioned in this respect.
Prosecutors portray Ergenekon as the mastermind behind actions attributed to the aforementioned groups. In attacks ranging from the assassination of businessmen and political activists by the DHKP/C and Hizbullah to the current wave of violence unleashed by the PKK, according to the prosecutors, Ergenekon is hidden behind it all. In the picture drawn by the investigation, Ergenekon is the Gladio of the 21st century. It is committing terrorism through terrorism and fighting a secret war against a nation from within the state.
The comparisons to Italy during the '70s are abundant. But there's one main difference between then and now: While Gladio was abolished and dismantled by European countries long ago, no such thing ever happened in Turkey. Italy was able to come to terms with the situation during Operation Clean Hands, which followed the exposure of the stay behind structure and its illegal activities in the early '70s. Turkey never underwent this process. However, it is important that it will. Not only because it seems essential for the further growth of Turkey, for instance towards fully fledged membership in the European Union, but also for psychological reasons, so that Turkey is able to look in the mirror without reserve. After decades of deep state psychological warfare, this can be difficult. But that's the process Turkey is now in.
*Peter Edel is a freelance writer and photographer based in İstanbul.
Recently uncovered evidence suggests that the 1993 death of General Es,ref Bitlis, and that of journalist Ug(ur Mumcu may be related to Ergenekon. Both Bitlis and Mumcu were investigating how Jalal Talabani, one of the Kurdish leaders of northern Iraq and, as of 2008, president of Iraq, came into possession of 100,000 firearms belonging to the Turkish Armed Forces.
In March, a journal allegedly written by former Naval Forces Commander retired Adm. Özden Örnek referred to as the "coup diaries" was included in the second indictment prepared by the prosecution. Örnek, former Land Forces Commander Gen. Aytaç Yalman and Retired Former Air Forces Commander Gen. I.brahim F?rt?na, testified to the prosecutors in January, 2010. These generals are mentioned in the diaries as having devised military coup plans titled "Ay?s,?g(?" (Moonlight) and "Sar?k?z" (Blonde Girl) between the years 2001 and 2004 when they still served in the military.
According to the Turkish daily Today's Zaman, Ergenekon was involved in assassinations of Iranian reformist leader Dariush Forouhar and his wife Parvaneh Eskandari Forouhar.
The investigation exposed alleged links between an armed attack on the Turkish Council of State in 2006 that left a judge dead, a bombing of a secularist newspaper, threats and attacks against people accused of being unpatriotic and the 1996 Susurluk incident, as well as links to the plans of some groups in the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) to overthrow the present government. According to the investigation, Ergenekon had a role in the murder of Hrant Dink, a prominent journalist of Armenian descent Italian priest Father Andrea Santoro in February 2006 and the brutal murders of three Christians, one a German national, killed in the province of Malatya in April 2007. Furthermore, files about JI.TEM related the assassination of former JI.TEM commander Cem Ersever, killed in November 1993, to Ergenekon. A former JI.TEM member, Abdülkadir Aygan, said that JI.TEM is the military wing of Ergenekon.
Documents seized in the investigation if authentic would show that the group planned a bomb attack in I.stanbul's Taksim Square, triggering chaos that would be used as a pretext for military intervention. It is also alleged that those detained were involved in provocation and agitation during the Gazi incidents of 1995, when tens of people died in clashes with the police in demonstrations after an attack at an Alevi coffeehouse in the neighborhood.